Having a cat in the house, everyone thinks about how to organize the toilet for it, so for both the kitten and the owner, this issue has caused as little trouble as possible. With cats it is much easier than with dogs – because they do not need every morning and evening, regardless of the weather, to take out. They are clean and tidy, and quickly get used to using the litter box, which can be placed in one of the secluded corners of the apartment, terrace or in a bathroom. It takes just a few days, and sometimes even less.
A new kitten has arrived
Training your kitten to use the toilet, always use a litter box
The cat will instinctively know what the litter box is for, because in nature cats always bury their excrement after themselves. The cat litter box should be placed in the right area- a quiet and isolated place where the kitten will not be disturbed. The litter box is better to buy in a pet store: it should be plastic or ceramic. Do not make it yourself from wood and especially cardboard boxes: these materials absorb the smell and after some time will be a constant source of it. Plastic trays are easy to clean and disinfect, and when using manufactured litter, the chance of odor in the apartment is minimal.
The easiest way to train the pet to the litter box will be those who bought a purebred kitten from a good breeder. In this case, the kitten is already grown up and has the skills to use the litter box independently. He learned it from his mother cat, and the breeder gave the new owner of the kitten a little bit of litter from the familiar litter box, so that in the new home it will not get confused and by the familiar smell will find its new toilet. He only needs to show you where the litter box is, place the kitten there and dig his paw into the fill. The smart kitten will immediately know what’s what. Just in case you need to first limit the area where the kitten will live, for example, one room so that the kitten at any time could get to the litter box, even if he played and he needed to use it suddenly. When you see that everything is fine and the kitten doesn’t make a mess outside the box, you can let it into other rooms.
If you rescue a street kitten
If you took the animal from the street, especially if the kitten is just a few weeks old, or, conversely, it is an adult cat, for accustoming to the litter box may have to work a few days or more. The technique of training using the box is about the same but will have to be more persistent.
First, limit the territory of movement of the cat, closing it in one room.
Secondly, play on its instinct to bury, filling the litter tray and giving it an opportunity to dig there in plenty.
Usually, it is enough for the kitten to understand what the litter box is for, if it is not a tiny kitten about one-month-old.
Be attentive and caring with your kitten
When you bring home a new kitten, try to spend the first few days with it and watch its movements. When the kitten needs to go to the toilet, it will start to look for the right place and twirl around the room looking for it. Then take it and put it in the litter box, and when the kitten has done his business, be sure to stroke him gently and repeating its name. Don’t rush to pick the kitty up, just give it the opportunity to lick itself and clean itself up.
It will be easier from here on, because the next time the cat will come to the litter box by its own smell. Nevertheless, try to watch up to your kitten for the first two or three days. Later, by giving the kitten a bigger territory, gradually move the litter box to the easily accessible place where you plan to put it forever.
If a kitten peed outside the box
If the first time you didn’t pay attention and the kitten peed outside the litter box, don’t yell at it and never hit it! The kitten will think that it is being scolded for the very process it did, and the next time kitty will try to do it discreetly, away from your eyes – under the chair, behind the cupboard.
Having found a puddle, dip a piece of paper in it and put it in the tray, and mop up the puddle using, for example, vinegar or citrus juice – they will destroy the smell. Just don’t use bleach or products containing bleach. Cats hate the smell so much that they will try to mask it with their own, so they will come back to a chlorine-soaked area with the same purpose. Put a piece of paper soaked in the kitty’s urine in the litter box, put the kitty in it, let it sniff the litter, help your kitten by digging the litter with its paw if it has not started to do it itself. The kitten will surely understand its mistake and use the litter box next time. You just need to keep an eye on it for a while.
If the cat doesn’t want to use the litter box?
If the kitten stubbornly does not want to go to the litter box, and always returns to a favorite place, make this place inaccessible to it, covering it with something, or move the box there. The kitten will get used to using the litter box in this place, and then you can gradually move the litter box to a permanent place.
But what if an adult cat that has been using the litter box steadily before suddenly begins to miss the litter box? There is always a reason for this.
First, check the cleanliness of the litter box. If you do not clean it regularly, and there is an unpleasant smell (especially if the cat’s litter is not used), the cat does not want to go to the litter box simply because it is squeamish. Many cats purposely wait until the owner comes home from work to pee in a clean litter box, because it is unpleasant to go to a dirty one. Try to keep the litter box clean to avoid these problems.
There are also other situations: for example, the kitten, growing up, no longer fits in the litter box, and settling there, it hangs out. And then the owner finds the results next to the box. Just change the box to a bigger one and the problem will disappear.
Pay attention to the quality of the cat’s litter
Sometimes the cat just does not like the litter and wants to tell you so. Some cats are very picky in this matter and sometimes you have to change one type of litter after another until you manage to please your cat. There is a huge selection of types of litter on the market right now: scented and unscented, litter for odor control, non-sticky, non clumping, organic or artificial. And also a litter made especially for kittens.
Special kitten litter is particularly useful if you have an adult cat that has given birth to kittens. The introduction to the litter box should begin at the earliest possible week. If you have kittens in your home and you want to raise them properly, you should put a litter box in their space by three weeks of age. Even if they won’t use it right away for its intended purpose (most likely they will just try to eat the litter, so you have to use special litter for kittens, which will not cause problems if the kitty eats some granules), but the kittens learn by watching the adult cats and when they will grow up – will start to use this litter box by themselves. The important thing here is that the kittens copy the adult’s behavior. If you put the litter box later, it will be harder to train the kitten to the toilet later on.